Indiana Sentences a Woman with Feticide for the First Time, a Pivotal Case in the Fight for Reproductive Rights

She's facing 20 years for what she says was a miscarriage.

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This morning, 33-year-old Purvi Patel from Indiana was sentenced to up to 20 in prison for feticide and neglect of a dependent.

Purvi Patel made headlines back in July 2013 when she was arrested for a complicated early delivery. The gist: Patel was 24 weeks pregnant when she gave birth at home prematurely and, thinking the fetus was stillborn, she left it in a dumpster behind her family's restaurant. According to local CBS affiliate WSBT, Patel has said that she was too shocked at the time to think of calling 911. When she arrived at St. Joseph hospital in Mishawaka, Indiana, she initially denied the premature birth, but later admitted that she'd undergone a very early delivery.

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According to Patel's lawyers, the single and unmarried Patel didn't want her conservative Indian parents (who condemn sex outside marriage) to find out about the pregnancy, which was a result of an affair with a married co-worker. She also didn't know how far along she was.

The main controversy in Patel's case is whether her 24-week old fetus was still alive at birth or was a stillborn. According to The Guardian, a medical witness for the case testified that a 24-week fetus couldn't survive outside the womb. But, on the flip side, a forensic pathologist claimed that the baby was alive at birth. Despite the clashing evidence, an Indiana jury convicted Patel on both counts.

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Another twist in the case is that state officials claim Patel also illegally purchased abortion drugs online and tried to terminate her pregnancy. But a toxicology report showed that there were no traces of the drug in her bloodstream.

Patel's case has reproductive rights activists worried about whether vague and broad laws end up criminalizing pregnancy. In 2011, Indiana prosecuted Bei Bei Shuai, a Chinese immigrant who tried to commit suicide while pregnant. The charges against her were eventually dropped.

Indiana's feticide laws were originally enacted against illegal abortion providers, and the state is not alone. According to the NCSL, at least 38 states have fetal homicide laws that that could jeopardize a women's right to choose abortion.

Patel is reportedly appealing the sentence.

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