With the 25th anniversary of the Waco siege approaching, it's time to look back at the religious group at the center of the tragic incident. Here's what you need to know about the Branch Davidians.
What are the Branch Davidians?
The Branch Davidians are a religious group; an offshoot of the Davidian Seventh-day Adventist Church (which was itself an offshoot of the Seventh-day Adventist Church). The group was formed in the late 1950s under the leadership of Benjamin Roden, and was headquartered in Waco, Texas. By 1993, a man named David Koresh had risen to power within the sect.
Who was David Koresh?
David Koresh, AKA the leader of the Branch Davidians at the time of the Waco Siege, was actually born with the name Vernon Wayne Howell. He hailed from Houston, Texas, and joined the Church of Seventh-day Adventists when he was 20—but was later expelled for being a bad influence on young members.
In 1981, he joined the Branch Davidians in Waco, and began an affair with the group's leader at the time—then-prophetess Lois Roden (she was in her late sixties, while he was in his early twenties). When Lois Roden died, her son George Roden competed with Koresh for power within the group. Although Koresh eventually left Waco for eastern Texas, he took with him a small group of followers—seven of whom returned to the Branch Davidians' Mount Carmel headquarters with him in 1987, armed with rifles and shotguns. Roden was shot during the incident and Koresh and his followers were tried for attempted murder. The seven followers were acquitted and Koresh's case ended in a mistrial. He gained control of the group by 1990.
What did the Branch Davidians have to do with the Waco Siege?
The Waco Siege was was a raid of the Branch Davidians' compound in Mount Carmel, near Waco, Texas. On February 28, 1993, the group's headquarters were entered by officers from the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms in response to allegations of sexual abuse and illegal weapons violations. During the course of the raid, four federal agents and multiple Branch Davidians were killed.
The siege continued for 51 days, until April 19, 1993. By the end, an additional 16 ATF agents were wounded. In addition to the Branch Davidians killed during the initial raid, over 70 more lost their lives in the final stages of the siege on April 19—when a fire erupted while agents in tanks punctured through walls in the building and used tear gas on the occupants. While some died of injuries related to the fire, others shot each other in what were speculated to be consensual suicides. Koresh died during the incident.
Were the Branch Davidians charged with any crimes?
After the final siege, nine of the surviving Branch Davidians were convicted of crimes related to the initial raid. They have all since been released from prison.
Where are the Branch Davidians today?
According to NPR, a new Branch Davidian community has grown east of the Waco incident. The new group call themselves Branch, The Lord Our Righteousness.
"I came back here after the slaughter and I feel that the Lord has anointed me and appointed me to be the leader," Charles Pace, the group's leader as of 2013, told NPR. "I don't claim to be a prophet. I'm a teacher of righteousness, that's the only thing I claim."