The Transgender Community by the Numbers

Stats you need to see.

Trans(form) is a month-long series on MarieClaire.com that explores the challenges, surprises, and victories of transitioning today. See the full collection here.

The life of a transgender person—in the U.S. and around the world—can be vastly challenging and rife with discrimination. But it can also be joyful, triumphant, and transformative—not just for the individual, but for those who love and accept them.

Thanks to the likes of Caitlyn Jenner and Laverne Cox, the numbers of Americans who fall into that last camp are growing. But we still have a long way to go on the awareness front.

Here, a look at the landscape of being transgender today. These numbers and statistics give you only a glimpse into the community—this is territory that research, science, and society are only on the cusp of breaching. But at least we've started.

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The number of estimated people who identify as transgender in the U.S.

According to 2011 findings from the Williams Institute, the transgender population represents about 0.3% of American adults.

The first year transition surgeries were practiced in the States

In 1965, the country's first gender identity clinic opened at Johns Hopkins University, and a year later, the first reassignment surgery was completed in the U.S.

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How much gender reassignment surgery can cost

By no means is this an "average" figure. For a female transitioning to a male, one Philadelphia clinic estimates this price for phalloplasty, scrotoplasty, testicular implants, glansplasty, and transposition of the clitoris. And when you combine that with the cost of anesthesia and post-surgery hospital rest, the number soars. It's estimated that reassignment procedures can cost between $5,000 and $50,000—some can be as pricey as $100,000.

The number of companies with healthcare for transgender workers

In 2012, the Human Rights Campaign found that out of 636 companies analyzed, 207 provided healthcare coverage to transgender employees. It's not enough, but considering only 49 corporations delivered these services in 2009, it's a step in the right direction.

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The percentage of transgender people who have attempted suicide

Disheartening research from the 2011 National Transgender Discrimination Survey reveals that 41% of transgender participants (2,644 out of 6,450) had attempted, at some point, to take their own lives. Sexual assault was the biggest cause, followed by physical assault, harassment in school, and job loss due to bias.

The date Laverne Cox was nominated for an Emmy

On this day, Laverne Cox made history. For her role as Sophia Burset in Orange Is the New Black, Cox became the first transgender person ever to be nominated for an Emmy Award.

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The youngest age a person has undergone reassignment surgery

Kim Petras, a German singer and songwriter, used to go by "Tim"—until she became the youngest person in the world to transition. Learn more about her story here.

The number of transgender individuals in the military

A 2014 report from the Williams Institute estimates that there are over 15,000 transgender individuals serving on active duty and there are over 134,300 transgender veterans. According to their data, 32% were assigned male at birth and 5.5% were born female.

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The percentage of transgender people who experienced violence or abuse from a family member

Violence against transgender people often occurs at the hands of strangers—but also frequently happens at home. In a massive joint report from the National Center for Transgender Equality and the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, released in 2011, 19% of respondents said they had suffered domestic abuse because of their gender non-conformity. Interestingly, male-to-females are more likely to experience family violence than female-to-males are.

The number of states that have clear laws protecting transgender people

The District of Columbia has laws in place, too, but for 32 states, transgender individuals can still be fired or denied employment for their identity. According to the American Civil Liberties Union, discrimination is prohibited in California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Washington. We're hoping the rest of the states catch up quickly.

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