Update, 4/9: Prince Philip has passed away at 99. "It is with deep sorrow that Her Majesty The Queen announces the death of her beloved husband," the palace said in a statement.
Original post: For 71 years, Prince Philip has been by Queen Elizabeth's side—and it seems almost impossible to think of a day when he might not be. In 2017, Philip made the decision to retire from his royal duties, which included ending his public appearances. Philip is the longest-reigning consort in British history, having accomplished 22,219 solo engagements since Elizabeth became Queen in 1953.
Now, with both the Queen and Prince Philip in their 90s, there are specific plans in place for their passing. Should either of their deaths come anytime soon, Buckingham Palace is prepared with two very different strict protocols. Last year, The Guardian (opens in new tab) revealed the plan in place for when the Queen dies, known as "London Bridge is Down." But what's the protocol for when Philip passes?
How the public will find out
When the sad day comes, it's expected that the BBC will be the first media outlet (opens in new tab) given the news of the prince's death. If he passes in his sleep, the announcement will likely be made at 8 a.m. the following morning.
What the funeral will be like
Prince Philip has already requested that people not make a "fuss (opens in new tab)" over his funeral and said it isn't necessary for his body to be lying-in-state at Westminster Hall—unusual considering the Palace of Westminster is always on a six-hour notice (opens in new tab) to prepare the hall for an event like this.
Philip is, of course, entitled to a large funeral as the Queen's consort. However, according to Parliamentary documents (opens in new tab), there is no "official process" for "deciding when a state funeral should be held for a person other than the Sovereign."
Philip's body would not be open for public viewing (opens in new tab), and the funeral would likely only include his family, friends, and heads of state from Commonwealth countries.
Where he will be buried
Upon his death, Prince Philip will be buried in Frogmore Gardens (opens in new tab) on the grounds of the Windsor Castle. The secluded 35-acres of garden are a royal family hidden gem. According to The Telegraph (opens in new tab), "It’s where the Queen walks her corgis." Prince Philip even installed the dining room from the royal yacht, Britannia, at Frogmore House.
Since Frogmore is off-limits to the public, it's been a place for Prince Andrew's and Prince Edward's kids to play, and it's where George VI and the Queen Mother spent their honeymoon in 1923 (opens in new tab). Queen Victoria built a shrine to her husband, Prince Albert here, and she was buried next to him in a mausoleum.
Most other British royal family members have been buried in Westminster Abbey and St. George's Chapel, but it's likely Philip selected Frogmore Gardens because of its significance to his family.
How long the Queen has to mourn
If the Queen survives Philip, it is believed she will be expected to enter an eight-day period of grief, in which she will forgo her duties during that time. This means all state affairs and laws needing Royal Assent (opens in new tab) (a.k.a. the Queen's approval) will be put on hold.
Giving Assent is one of the Reserve powers (opens in new tab) of the reigning monarch—he or she has the right to refuse a Parliament bill. However, it's unlikely that any monarch would veto a bill, as it hasn't been done since Anne, Queen of Great Britain refused the Scottish Militia Bill (opens in new tab) in 1707. Because of this, there are no set rules for who could give Assent (opens in new tab) in place of the Queen if she were in a period of mourning during an emergency.
When the Queen will return to her public duties
It's believed that after the Queen's eight work-free days, she'll continue her duties behind closed doors. Britains would then enter an official Royal Mourning period (opens in new tab) for 30 days, after which it's expected that the Queen would return to her public appearances and responsibilities.
Back when Queen Victoria was the reigning monarch, her husband, Prince Albert, died suddenly. In her time of mourning, she retreated to Balmoral Castle, where she spent the next 40 years in grief-stricken pain. Her permanent mourning almost led to the downfall of the British monarchy (opens in new tab).
What will happen to the monarchy
Nothing will actually change when it comes to who is line for the throne (opens in new tab)—the order still remains, Prince Charles, Prince William, Prince George, Princess Charlotte, Prince Louis, and finally, Prince Harry. Royal family members' titles and positions will remain the same so long as Queen Elizabeth is alive and wearing the crown.
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