If you're planning to become royalty one day—and thankfully we know that *can* happen now (thank you Kate Middleton (opens in new tab) and Meghan Markle (opens in new tab))—you'll need to know everything about their lingo. And we wouldn't be the first to tell you that there's a lot to learn—it can get pretty confusing. Lucky for you, we've create a glossary of all the titles, words, phrases, and family history you'd need to know. Grab your tiara and get to studying before you meet Her Majesty.
Queen: The title given to the reigning monarch if that monarch is a woman.
Queen Elizabeth II is the obvious example here. Elizabeth became the Queen of England (opens in new tab) upon her father’s death in February 1952 as she was the rightful heir to the throne.
King: The title given to the reigning monarch if that monarch is a man.
Pictured here is King George VI, who was the father of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret. He was originally second in line to the throne (opens in new tab), preceded by his brother King Edward VIII who abdicated it to marry a two-time divorcee, Wallis Simpson.
Queen Consort: The title given to the wife of a King.
Kate Middleton, who is currently the Duchess of Cambridge, will receive this title (opens in new tab) should Prince William take the throne in the future.
Prince: A title given to the husband of a reigning queen, and to the sons and grandsons of the sons of a reigning monarch.
Wow, confusing...right? Only grandchildren born to the sons of the reigning monarch are given the title prince or princess (see next slide). So, little George is a prince because his grandfather is a son of the queen. But then Queen Elizabeth's husband, Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, is also a prince (opens in new tab) (technically prince consort) by marriage.
Princess: The title given to the daughters and granddaughters of the sons a reigning monarch.
Charlotte is one of three great-granddaughters to the queen, but the only one with a princess title. The queen has three sons—Charles, Andrew, and Edward—and only their children, grandchildren, and so forth can be given the titles of Prince or Princess. This means Peter Phillips and Zara Tindall, the children of Princess Anne (given the upgraded title, Princess Royal (opens in new tab)) do not have royal titles, nor do their kids.
Kate is technically a princess by marriage (HRH Princess William of Wales—think of it like a last name) but she will never be referred to as "Princess Kate (opens in new tab)."
Peerage: A title or ranking of peers.
Peer of the Realm: A person who hold one or more of five possible titles, whether inherited by ancestry or given to them by the monarch.
In British peerage (opens in new tab), the rankings after King and Queen are as follows: Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount, Baron. It is possible to hold more than one title. Take for example Prince William, who was given the title Duke of Cambridge after marrying Kate Middleton.
Duke: The highest, most exclusive ranking of five degrees after King or Queen.
Duchess: The wife of a duke, or the female title of the highest ranking.
When Kate and William were married, they were given the titles Duke and Duchess (opens in new tab) of Cambridge by the queen. William still holds the title Prince, but Kate did not receive the title Princess.
NOTE: The second highest ranking in British peerage is Marquess/Marchioness, but it is never given as a Royal title (opens in new tab).
Earl: The third highest ranking in the British peerage.
Countess: The wife of a an earl, or female title for the third highest ranking.
Queen Elizabeth's youngest son, Prince Edward, is the only son to be given Earl as a title. When he and Sophie married, they became the Earl and Countess of Wessex. Supposedly Prince Edward chose his secondary title (opens in new tab) because of its connotations to his favorite film, Shakespeare in Love.
Viscount: The fourth highest ranking in the British peerage.
Prince Edward and Sophie's son James was given the title of Viscount (opens in new tab) at birth as it is the customary title below Earl. He is known as Lord Severn or James, Viscount Severn.
NOTE: Baron is the fifth and final rank of the peerage. There are no royal barons at this time.
Courtesy Titles: A form of address used in by the children and close relatives or peers. This style (opens in new tab) is "‘by courtesy’ in the sense that the users do not themselves hold their own titles.
Lady Louise Windsor is the daughter of the Earl and Countess of Wessex (Edward and Sophie). She was given a courtesy title (opens in new tab) at birth. Both children would have been given the titles prince and princess had their father taken the title of Duke. There was speculation around giving their children lower titles to lessen the burden of being royalty (opens in new tab).
HRH: Stands for "His/Her Royal Highness."
TRH: Stands for "Their Royal Highnesses."
Meghan Markle will join the crew and become an HRH when she marries Prince Harry (opens in new tab).
HM: Stands for "Her Majesty."
If you ever meet the queen, never refer to her as HRH. She is always to be called Her Majesty (opens in new tab).
Succession: The sequence of members (opens in new tab) of the Royal Family in the order in which they stand in line to the throne, regulated by descent and Parliamentary statue.
1st in Line — Prince Charles, Duke of Wales
2nd in Line — Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
3rd in Line — Prince George
4th in Line — Princess Charlotte
FUN FACT: Princess Charlotte would not have been in line for the throne if it weren't for a Succession to the Crown Act (opens in new tab) that passed in 2013 that said princes not longer take precedence over their sisters.
Buckingham Palace: Home to the Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
The palace has been the home of all sovereigns to reign England since 1837. Buckingham Palace has 775 rooms (opens in new tab), including 19 State rooms, 52 Royal and guest bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices, and 78 bathrooms.
Kensington Palace: It serves as a home for lots of the royal family, and is even a museum open to the public.
Who Lives Here (opens in new tab): The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Prince Harry (and soon to be Meghan Markle), Prince and Princess Michael of Kent, the Duke and Duchess of Kent, the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, and Princess Eugenie.
Nottingham Cottage: A small 1,300-square-foot, two-bedroom apartment in Kensington Palace.
Let it be known that this is the place where Prince Harry proposed to Meghan Markle (opens in new tab) over cooking a roast chicken. The cottage is located in Kensington Palace.
Clarence House: The official residence of Prince Charles and Camilla.
It also houses offices for staff members of TRH (you know what that means now!). Clarence House (opens in new tab) was previously the home to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother from 1953 to 2002.
Westminster Abbey: A London church, significant for royal coronations, weddings, funerals, and other national ceremonies. (It's also known as the Collegiate Church of St. Peter (opens in new tab).)
It was the place where Elizabeth was crowned Queen of England in 1953, the place where Princess Diana's funeral (opens in new tab) was held, and the place where Prince William and Kate Middleton got married.
Windsor Castle: The oldest occupied palace sits in Berkshire, just west of London.
Meghan Markle will marry Prince Harry in Windsor Castle on May 19. It is also a place where Queen Elizabeth II hosts state dinners (opens in new tab) and spends all of her weekends.
Sandringham Estate: Owned by the royal family, it is the personal home of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip.
The Queen typically spends Christmas at the estate (opens in new tab) with the entire royal family. The Duke of Edinburgh is responsible for the upkeep of the estate.
Abdicate: To give up or step down from a position of power as a monarch.
Edward VIII (AKA The Queen's uncle), was the rightful heir to the throne, but he gave up the throne (opens in new tab) to marry Wallis Simpson, a woman who'd been divorced twice. This scandal changed the entire line of succession, ultimately determining that a young Elizabeth would become Queen of England one day.
Commonwealth: A group of people organized under a political system in which the power lies in the body of citizens (opens in new tab).
Commoner: An ordinary person that holds no title or rank.
Before she was engaged to Prince Harry, Meghan Markle was a commoner (opens in new tab), just like us (well, expect for the fact that she was the star of the TV show Suits).
Interregnum: The period between the reign of two leaders.
After King George VII died in February 1952, Elizabeth became Queen. But her official coronation (opens in new tab) wasn't until June of 1953.
Sofa: The term used for a settee or a couch.
Drawing/Sitting Rooms: The phrase used for a living room.
Lavatory: The term used for bathroom, toilet, or even ladies room.
These are a few words and phrases used in British high society, that truly stand out as royal terminology (opens in new tab).
Mummy: The term used for the mother or mom.
Daddy: The term used for father or dad.
The every day British person refer to their parents as "mum and dad." But reportedly (opens in new tab) the royals call them "mummy and daddy."
Scent: The term used for perfume.
Princess Diana's favorite scent was Quelques Fleurs (opens in new tab), "a floral scent featuring notes of tuberose, rose, and jasmine."
Sovereign: A supreme ruler or leader, especially a monarch.
Letters Patent: An open letter from the monarch in which peerage titles are given.
Queen Elizabeth II is the sovereign and she delivers the letters patent (opens in new tab), decreeing who gets what title.
Tea: This is a BANNED word in the royal family.
Despite our preconceived notions about the royal family "having tea" all the time, they prefer to say (opens in new tab) "supper" or "dinner."
Last Name: Mountbatten-Winsdor or House of Windsor, depending on a person's peerage ranking.
The royal family doesn't technically use a last name (opens in new tab)—but they do have a few options. King George V (Elizabeth's grandfather) was the first to give the royals a surname, which was "House of Windsor" after the family's property, Windsor Castle. In 1960, Queen Elizabeth decreed all descents would carry the name Mountbatten-Windsor. Mountbatten was the last name of Prince Philip.
Royal Marriages Act
Royal Marriages Act: A royal member of the family cannot marry without the consent of the reigning monarch.
Set in place by King George II in 1772, the act has since changed (opens in new tab) to only the first six in line to the throne needing permission from the monarch. Even once his new niece or nephew is born, hat'll still include Prince Harry who would be sixth in line. Lucky for Meghan Markle, the Queen approves (opens in new tab).
I’m currently working at Dotdash Meredith as the Celeb & Entertainment E-Commerce Lead contributing affiliate content for People.com and InStyle.com. I’m basically like your personal shopper, from writing about that cozy loungewear set you didn’t know you needed to keeping tabs on the best sales and deals on the internet. I’m also a pro at finding affordable dupes for celebrity looks and I love to dig into the data to strategize content opportunities.
I Tested the Oura Ring Fitness Tracker Jennifer Aniston Loves—It Knew I Was Getting Sick Before I Did
Learn more about yourself by simply slipping on a ring.
By Brooke Knappenberger
Pearls Are Back for 2023—But These Aren't Your Grandmother's Pearls
Classic, contemporary, and everything in between.
By Gabrielle Ulubay
Meghan Markle Made $80K Per Year With The Tig, But Could Make Much More With a Relaunch: Branding Expert
It could be a smart business move for the duchess.
By Iris Goldsztajn
The Unstoppable Alia Bhatt
Bollywood’s silver-screen darling is both at the top of her game and just getting started.
By Neha Prakash
The Cast of 'The Crown' Season 5: Your Guide
The Mountbatten-Windsors have been recast—again.
By Andrea Park
Who Is Hasnat Khan, Princess Diana’s Boyfriend on Season 5 of ‘The Crown’?
Di’s friends have said she referred to the doctor as “the love of her life.”
By Andrea Park
Who Is Penelope "Penny" Knatchbull?
She and Prince Philip strike up an unlikely friendship throughout the fifth season of 'The Crown.'
By Andrea Park
'The Crown' Season 5: Everything We Know
The bombshell fifth season just dropped on Netflix.
By Andrea Park
The 30 Best Movies on Hulu Right Now
From 'Fight Club' to '10 Things I Hate About You.'
By Brooke Knappenberger
The Queen and Prince Philip: A Timeline of Their Royal Relationship
Looking back at their royal romance.
By Olivia Blair
Quotes From Queen Elizabeth II That Capture Her Powerful Legacy
She had great wisdom—and an even greater sense of humor.
By Iris Goldsztajn