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4 Ways to Minimize Your Pores, According to Dermatologists

I went straight to the experts, face in hand.

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As much as I try to embrace my skin’s natural texture—part-bumpy, part-smooth, part-whatever-the-hell-it-decides-to-be-that-day—there's one aspect of it I just can't accept: my giant, crater-like pores. Because unlike stress zits that randomly creep up and disappear throughout life, we're stuck with our pores forever.

Yes, forever—even if you use a million masks and strips that promise to "erase" them. Because here's a fast fact: Pores are a structural part of your skin that cannot, under any circumstance, disappear. They can, however, get wider and deeper if they're constantly clogged, or if you squeeze them all the time, which might be why you didn't notice your cavernous pores in high school, but now see them in every photo and reflection a decade later.

The good news is that although your base pore size is genetically determined, you can minimize their appearance and effectively shrink them back to their normal, pre-stretched state with the right treatments. Which, lucky for you, I've meticulously laid out, below.

To 'Unclog' Pores

Reach for the acids

Yes, the idea of dousing your face in acid seems terrifying, but alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) are the holy grail of ingredients when it comes to penetrating and "cleaning out" your pores—which, in turn, will keep them from stretching. And no, these aren't the kind of acids that'll burn your skin off.

“AHAs and BHAs dissolve the connections between your cells and the surface of your skin to essentially 'unclog' pores,” says dermatologist Joshua Zeichner, M.D., director of cosmetic and clinical research at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City. Basically, the stuff in your pores is a stage-five clinger, and acids are an intervention.

While both acids exfoliate on a cellular level, AHAs work on the surface layer of your skin to brighten and smooth it (making them more tolerable for the dry- and sensitive-prone), while BHAs penetrate deeper to remove dead skin cells clogged in pores (i.e. blackheads), making them especially excellent for oily, acne-prone skin.

If you're not sure of which acid to try, start with the cult-favorite Paula's Choice Skin Perfecting 2% BHA Liquid, which is a miracle in a bottle, and incredibly gentle for even sensitive skin types. Just dab it over your clean, dry skin every other night, let it sink in for 10 minutes, and then apply the rest of your skincare products on top. You'll notice brighter skin and reduced blackheads after a few weeks.

To 'Tighten' Pores

Commit to a retinoid

Further proof that retinol is freaking amazing: Not only does the vitamin A-based topical smooth wrinkles and brighten dark spots, but it also works to stop acne and shrink pores. Retinol's magic is the result of its ability to increase your skin's collagen production, while simultaneously decreasing its oil production, which leads to smoother skin, fewer breakouts and blackheads, and tighter pores.

Because retinol can be irritating at first (you'll likely have week of dry, flaky skin after you initially start it, but stick with it or it doesn't work!), you want use a gentle formula, like Avene Retrinal .1 Intensive Cream. Just smooth a pea-size dollop over your totally dry, clean skin every other night—on the opposite day you use your BHA/AHA—wait five minutes for it to absorb, and then apply your moisturizer.

If you've got ultra-dry, sensitive, or rosacea-prone skin, though, you'll want to mitigate irritation and build up your skin's tolerance by using retinol only once a week for one week, twice a week for two weeks, three times a week for three weeks, and then, only if you’ve had zero irritation thus far, apply it every other night indefinitely.

Yes, indefinitely. Hope you're not a commitment-phobe.

Wear sunscreen—always

If the fact that one in five Americans will get skin cancer in their lifetime doesn’t make you want to slather on the sunscreen (and it absolutely should), maybe the fact that sunscreen has pore-minimizing effects will sway you.

"The sun breaks down your skin's collagen, which is responsible for keeping your face firm and elasticized, so you're left with larger pores and stretchier skin after repeat exposure," says Rachel Nazarian, M.D., dermatologist at Schweiger Dermatology in New York. Slather on a minimum of SPF 30 every single morning—no, your foundation with SPF 15 in it doesn't cut it—like my ride-or-die favorite for acne-prone skin, CeraVe Sunscreen Face Lotion.

Get lasered

"Lasers are a fantastic way to address pore problems," says Dr. Nazarian. She prefers the less-invasive Laser Genesis over the Fraxel laser, which zaps microscopic holes into the skin to resurface deep acne scars and uneven pores.

Laser Genesis is much milder—it stimulates the skin’s deepest layers to smooth and plump your complexion with minimal pain, so you get the results of retinol, sunscreen, and acids all at once, without any of the hassle. Of course, it's costly (around $300 per session, and you'll need at least three of them, though the results are permanent), so make sure to consult with your dermatologist to determine what treatment is best for your skin...and your wallet.

And, when all else fails—or when you're really just too lazy to stick with a treatment that works—may I suggest an excellent foundation to spackle over your pores, instead? Check our favorite formulas for every skin type, here.

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